Real news is information or a report about something that has happened recently meant to inform the reader/viewer from a reliable, authoritative source. Real news is objective and unbiased information that is factually based from credible sources.
Fake news is designed to persuade an audience to hold one ideological viewpoint over others based upon "misinformation" -- false or less than completely factual information. In this regard, fake news acts as propaganda. Attempts at persuasion like this have led to a phenomenon in which people dismiss information with which they disagree as being fake news, even if that information has a factual basis.
Satirical news is a closely related cousin of fake news. Satirical news typically refers to the practice of presenting journalistic coverage of current events that intentionally exaggerates elements of the story being reported. The distinction between satirical news and fake news is that satirical news is intentionally exaggerated, often for comedic effect, whereas fake news is intended to mislead an audience into thinking that it presents objective, factual information.
Our lesson begins with a gallery walk using strategy: I SEE, I THINK, I WONDER. Students will each get a stack of Post-its, as they walk around, they must write down what they see in the images, what they think is going on, and then ask an "I wonder" statement or question to help them start formulating questions.
Model using Emma Gonzalez image:
Watch ideo on Emma Gonzalez's speech after the Parkland shooting.
We will write a 250-500 word reflective analysis on a current event, either national or global.
Step 1: Choose a topic from the list below
Step 2: Do preliminary research on your topic using Opposing Viewpoints Database to read multiple perspectives about your topic. You will be getting your CENTER information from the any of the media sources in the top center of the news spectrum infographic.
Step 3: Create a Noodetools account and begin taking notes on the FACTS of your issue.
Step 4: Write a 5 paragraph paper which includes a commentary on how you feel your issue was presented on all sides of the political spectrum and if they offered fake, misleading or opinionated (bias) information. If you found bias, explain what you believe the publishers purpose was.
Your reflective analysis will include:
II. Factual information from a news source in the CENTER
III. Analysis from a media source on the LEFT (liberal)
IV. Analysis from a media source on the RIGHT (conservative)
V. A reflection on how media shapes our reality, with your current event as an example.
Follow the rubric below:
(12) Reading/Media Literacy. Students use comprehension skills to analyze how words, images, graphics, and sounds work together in various forms to impact meaning. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts. Students are expected to:
(C) compare and contrast coverage of the same event in various media; and
(D) evaluate changes in formality and tone within the same medium for specific audiences and purposes.